Jumat, 24 Mei 2013

Subordinate Conjunction vs Preposition




Tentang Subordinate Conjunction & Preposition
  • Beberapa subordinate conjunction memiliki fungsi ganda sebagai preposition, yaitu: after, before, since, dan until.
  • Beberapa subordinate conjunction memiliki padanan kata dengan preposition dalam hal makna, yakni: although, because, while, dan as if.

Subordinate Conjunction=Preposition
Contoh complex sentence dengan conjunction yang memiliki fungsi ganda sebagai preposition dapat dilihat pada tabel sebagai berikut.
Kata
Contoh Kalimat Subordinate Conjunction
Contoh Kalimat Preposition
After
After I changed the APN, I unpluged my modem and waited for 5 minutes.
(Setelah saya merubah APN, saya mencabut modem dan menunggu selama 5 menit.)
After changing of the APN, I unpluged my modem and waited for 5 minutes.
(Setelah perubahan APN, saya mencabut modem dan menunggu selama 5 menit.)
Before
Before she went to Jakarta, she commended her flowers to be watered.
(Sebelum dia pergi ke Jakarta, dia menitipkan bunga-bunganya untuk disirami.)
Before her journey to Jakarta, she commended her flowers to be watered.
(Sebelum perjalanannya ke Jakarta, dia menitipkan bunga-bunganya untuk disirami.)
Since
The company has got so much profit since it was built in 2007.
(Perusahaan itu telah mendapatkan begitu banyak keuntungan sejak didirikan pada tahun 2007.)
The company has got so much profit since 2007.
(Perusahaan itu telah mendapatkan begitu banyak keuntungan sejak tahun 2007.)
Until
The baby usually sleeps soundly until the rooster crows in the morning.
(Bayi itu biasanya tidur nyenyak sampai ayam jago berkokok di pagi hari.)
The baby usually sleeps soundly until morning.
(Bayi itu biasanya tidur nyenyak sampai pagi.)

Makna Conjunction=Preposition
Contoh padanan kata antara conjunction dengan preposition adalah sebagai berikut.
Subordinate Conjunction
Preposition
Contoh Kalimat Subordinate Conjunction
Contoh Kalimat Preposition
Although
Despite, in spite of
Although many friends confronted her ambition, she went forward such a tank.
(Meskipun banyak teman menentang ambisinya, dia maju terus seperti tank.)
In spite of many confrontation from her friends, she went forward such a tank.
(Meskipun banyak tentangan dari teman-temannya, dia maju terus seperti tank.)
Because
Because of
Because she had free time during holiday, she rearranged her house.
(Karena dia punya waktu luang selama liburan, dia menata ulang rumahnya.)
Because of her free time during holiday, she rearranged her house.
(Karena waktu luangnya selama liburan, dia menata ulang rumahnya.)
While
During
While I was preparing the exam in my room, I didn’t let anyone to come in.
(Ketika saya sedang mempersiapkan ujian di kamar, saya tidak membiarkan siapapun masuk.)
During my exam preparation, I didn’t let anyone to come in.
(Selama persiapkan ujian saya, saya tidak membiarkan siapapun masuk.)
As if/as though
Like
The man drove as if/though he was an F-1 racer.
(Pria itu mengemudi seakan-akan dia pembalap F-1.)
The man drove like an F-1 racer.
(Pria itu mengemudi seperti pembalap F-1.)
Sampai disini tulisan tentang hubungan subordinate conjunction dengan preposition. Semoga bermanfaat dan mohon maaf jika ada kekurangan. Feel free to comment! :)

References:
  • fortunecity.com: Conjunctions
Adapted :http://www.wordsmile.com/subordinate-conjunction-vs-preposition

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