Jumat, 24 Mei 2013

Pengertian dan Contoh Noun Clause




Pengertian Noun Clause
  • Noun Clause adalah dependent clause yang berfungsi sebagai noun (kata benda).
  • Klausa kata benda ini dapat berfungsi sebagai subject maupun object didalam suatu clause atau phrase lain.
  • Karena berfungsi sebagai kata benda, maka dapat digantikan dengan pronounit“.
Contoh:
  • I forgot the fact. (noun)
  • I forgot it. (pronoun)
  • I forgot that the fact was very important. (noun clause)
Rumus Noun Clause
Noun clause dapat diawali oleh noun clause markers berupa question word, if atau whether, dan that. Adapun contoh noun clause pada clause lain beserta detail marker-nya dapat dilihat pada tabel sebagai berikut.
Marker
Detail
Contoh Noun Clause dalam Kalimat
Question Word
Question word:
what(ever), what (time, kind, day, etc),
who(ever),
whose,
whom(ever),
which(ever),
where(ever),
when(ever),
how (long, far, many times, old, etc)
The class listened carefully what the teacher instructed.
(Seluruh kelas mendengarkan dengan teliti apa yang guru instruksikan.)
The kitten followed wherever the woman went.
(Anak kucing mengikuti kemanapun wanita itu pergi.)
Many people imagine how many time the man was failed before success.
(Banyak orang membayangkan berapa kali pria itu gagal sebelum sukses.)
if atau whether
biasanya digunakan untuk kalimat jawaban dari pertanyaan yes-no question
Where does Andy live?
(Dimana Andy tinggal?)I wonder if he lives in West Jakarta.
(Saya pikir dia tinggal di Jakarta Barat.)
Is Andy live on Dewi Sartika Street?
(Apakah Andy tinggal di jalan Dewi Sartika?)I don’t know if he live on Dewi Sartika Street or not.
atau
I don’t know whether or not he lives on Dewi Sartika street.
(Saya tidak tahu jika dia tinggal di jalan Sartika atau tidak.)
that
biasanya that-clause untuk mental activity. Berikut daftar verb pada main clause yang biasanya diikuti that-clause:assume, believe, discover, dream, guess, hear, hope, know, learn, notice, predict, prove, realize, suppose, suspect, think
I think that the group will arrive in an hour.
(Saya pikir rombongan itu akan tiba dalam satu jam.)
Many people proved that the man was a big liar.
(Banyak orang membuktikan bahwa pria itu pembohong besar.)
Fungsi Noun Clause
Berikut adalah contoh kalimat dari setiap fungsi noun clause.
Fungsi
Contoh Noun Clause dalam Kalimat
Subject of a Verb
What she cooked was delicious.
That today is his birthday is not right.
Subject complement
The fact is that she is smart and dilligent.
A teacher must be whoever is patient.
Object of a Verb
Diana believes that her life will be happier.
I want to know how Einstein thought.
Object of a preposition
The girl comes from where many people there live in poverty.
He will attend the party with whichever fits to his body.
Semoga bahasan noun clause ini bermanfaat dan mohon maaf jika ada kekurangan. Feel free to comment! :)
References:
  1. Using Clauses as Nouns, Adjectives, and Adverbs. http://www.writingcentre.uottawa.ca/hypergrammar/claustyp.html. Accessed on September 30, 2012.
  2. Noun Clauses. http://faculty.deanza.edu/flemingjohn/stories/storyReader$23. Accessed on September 30, 2012.
Source : http://www.wordsmile.com/noun-clause

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