Senin, 27 Mei 2013

Pengertian dan Contoh Transitive dan Intransitive Verb

Pengertian Transitive dan Intransitive Verb

Transitive verb adalah kata kerja yang diikuti direct object untuk menerima aksi (contoh: hit, touch,buy) dari subject. Sebaliknya, Intransitive verb adalah kata kerja yang tidak diikuti oleh direct object sebagai penerima aksi (contoh: arrive, go,cry) karena memang aksi yang dilakukan tidak melibatkan direct object.

Tanpa direct object, makna kalimat dengantransitive verb akan terdengar janggal sedangkan makna kalimat dengan intransitive verb telah dapat ditangkap dengan baik.

Lebih Dalam

Jawaban dari pertanyaan “what” dan “whom” yang berupa object, bisa didapatkan dari kalimat yang menggunakan transitive verb.

Contoh Transitive Verb:

After practicing for an hour, the player can hit the tennis ball over the net —> (What can the player hit over the net? The tennis ball.)

The student should return the book a week ago —> (Whom should the student return a week ago? The book.)

Intransitive verb mungkin diikuti adjective, adverb, dan/atau prepositional phrase. Karena tidak mempunyai direct object, intransitive tidak memiliki passive form.


The girl filled the basket with a thousand of candies —> (filled=transitive verb, passive form: The basket were filled by the girl with a thousand of candies.)

The worker always come on time —> (come=intransitive verb, passive form: -)

Banyak kata kerja dapat menjadi transitive maupun intransitive tergantung pada konteks kalimatnya.

Contoh Kata Kerja = Transitive = Intransitive:

In order to lose her weight, Diana doesn’t eat after seven p.m. (intransitive verb)

My family eats the organic rice. (transitive verb)

Contoh Intransitive dan Transitive Verb

Berikut beberapa contoh kalimat intransitive dan transitive verb.
Kata Kerja
Contoh Kalimat
Transitive Verb
ask, bring, buy, clean, explain, kick, learn, paint, sell, want, write
My neighbour has painted his wall in broken white.
(painted=transitive, his wall=direct object)
She wanted a bag with low price but high quality.
The boy kicked the ball toward the goal.
Intransitive Verb
arrive, come, die, go, lie, sneeze, sit, work
Many city park’s visitors are sitting on the grass.
If you arrive late, I’ll go to the bookstore without you.
Cheryl often sneezes while cleaning the warehouse.
She looked annoyed when her friends cameto her house.
Transitive & Intransitive Verb
eat, run
The man has run his business since 1988. (run=transitive, business=direct object)
Adventurers must run through the jungle before night.

Semoga tulisan tentang transitive dan intransitive verb ini bermanfaat dan mohon maaf jika ada kekurangan. Feel free to comment! :)

1. Transitive and Intransitive Verbs. Accessed on September 27, 2012.
2. Verbs. Accessed on September 27, 2012.
3. Understanding Verbs: Transitive versus Intransitive. Accessed on September 27, 2012.
4. Transitive and Intrasnitive Verbs. Accessed on September 27, 2012.
5. Verbs. Accessed on September 28, 2012.
Adapted :

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